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Winter Rose Care | Winter Pruning| Roses As A Food Crop


Hello, it’s time for me to do my winter
care for the roses. Yum! I’m Liz Zorab and this is Byther Farm. I’ve got lots of roses
planted right across our homestead because, not only do I love the
flowers, but they’re also a really useful crop. The petals can be used for
potpourri and for scented things. They can also be used in some cookery, but I grow
them for their beautiful hips which they grow in the late summer and autumn. And I use them for things like rose hip jelly, rose hip syrup, but most of all for
rose hip wine. I think it is William Morris who’s credited with saying
keep nothing unless you believe it to be beautiful or to be useful. And roses for
me are both. So most of the roses we have on the homestead are climbers so that
I’m making use of vertical space and this is lovely red rose, which is going
up over the arch here, I took from a cutting from a rose in our last house.
And if you’re not sure how to take cuttings from roses, I’ve made a couple of videos.
One about taking them from the bouquet and one from plants and I’ll leave links
to those in the information description box below. This rose has grown from the
cutting that I took from a bouquet. It has it very long straight stems before
the flowers come and is still, even in mid-November, trying to produce flowers.
This is a lovely one, the hips on this aren’t brilliant but it does have lots
of sentimental value and the cerise-red color flowers are so lovely.
It’s unscented unfortunately. If I want scented roses I need to go over to the
other side of the garden. Each side of this archway I’ve got some
highly perfumed roses. On this side is the very lovely her Gertrude Gekyll, which is
from David Austin roses and on this side is New Dawn which I gather is the
world’s favorite climbing rose. It’s a very pale pink, very delicate and very
lightly scented. But I love both of them and I’m really looking forward to them
going up and over this archway and completely covering it. Here in the food
forest I’ve planted Wild Roses. These are very, very thorny friends indeed
and these are a pale pink rose. A single one, so it’s just got a one layer of
petals on it. It produces small but a prolific number of rose hips and for
that it earns its place in the garden. And over here in the hedge, at the
boundary of our homestead, is a Dog Rose. And this particular one has pink flowers,
a single form again. I have got white ones as well and they produce the most
fabulous rose hips. I can see some through here. They’re huge, they’re about
half the size of a golf ball, they’re round and like a squashed slightly
flattened globe. And because of the size of them and the ease of picking them
these the ones I prefer to use in my cooking. The hips produce masses of seeds
so not only can you grow these from cuttings, but you can grow them from seed as well. Winter rose care is actually very simple.
You’ll need some sturdy gloves and some secateurs. And what you want to do is take off any dead heads that you aren’t going to let
grow into hips. And you want to take those back to not just snip the top off
but you want to take them back to a set of leaves however I’m going to set that
to one side. However, I’m going to set that to one side. However, I want to look at the overall shape of this bush and I’m
going to take it back to about a third of the height that I would like it to be
eventually. Well I’m five foot six – five foot seven, the
information that came with this plant said it was going to grow to about four
feet. Well obviously it’s quite happy up there at six feet, So I’m actually going
to take it back quite hard, almost down to knee height, not quite but nearly and
each cut I make I’m going to have an outward facing bud. So that when that
grows it grows away from the center of the plant so that the the center doesn’t
get all congested because we want air to flow through it. Now we garden in zone 8
somewhere between 8a and 8b, so it doesn’t get really really cold here and
if you are gardening in an area that is much colder
please check first. Don’t just take my word for it, but in this area we don’t
need to do anything particularly special to protect the roots. What we do need
to do on this site is to try and prevent wind rock. We’re on a very windy site,
wind comes from the west over there most of the winter and when it doesn’t, it
comes whistling through from the east. And there is the potential with all this
growth on the top for it to rock so much that it then loosens the plant in the
ground and loosens the roots, snaps those and then
it’s not going to be a happy plant. You want to take off any diseased material
and don’t just drop it on the floor, actually move it away from the plant,
take it away and dispose of it. So let’s start at the back, I’m looking for
an outward facing bud which is not as easy to see as I thought it might be.
There’s one! So I’m just going to collect all the pieces there. Now this
poor plant, through neglect during the summer, did get somewhat covered in
bindweed, the small bindweed. It’s a very pretty
flower but it really does play havoc in our garden. I know this looks
drastic but it’s not. So you can do this between now and the end of March and I’m
taking that one off really quite a long way down but I don’t want all this heavy
top growth. I want it to form a sort of bowl shape. I’m quite happy, it’s got the
big space for it to grow in, so I’m happy for it to grow quite wide. And the other thing,
we’ll look at see if there’s any stems are crossing over and rubbing, because that
will just cause damage to the stems and potentially let diseases in so anything
that’s crossing over I’m going to remove too. I think one of the sad things about
gardening is that people are often scared of taking out too much or not
enough and I just keep on telling myself that
nature actually wants to grow. So what I’m doing here is trying to protect it
from the wind rock and then I’m encouraging it just to grow in the shape
that I want it to be. Right, that one has still got the rose on the top of it, so
I’m going to cut that. That’s going to go into the house to go in a vase. I know it does look like I’m being harsh but I’m really not. If there are any branches
that are already completely dead, take those out. Any that are completely diseased, they should go. So that’s it cut back for now. I’ll
remove the leaves from around the base, particularly ones that have got things like
black spot. I’m going to clear the weeds because we don’t need those either. And
then I’m just going to put a bit of mulch around this, it is still quite
wobbly so I’m going to really pack the mulch down and try and firm it into the
ground. They’ll go dormant for the darkest
coldest months, so December – January and it will start maybe thinking about
coming to life again in February – March. And for now that’s all we need to do. For my climbing rose that’s going up and over the arch I’m not going to cut it
back that hard. I’ll take about a third of it off
and any stems that are actually touching and rubbing and anything that looks
completely dead or diseased. And then what I’ll do is I will tie it in gently
to the archway. But not not tying in the very ends, I’ll tie it so that there’s
about 8-10 inches of each each stem is able to move around on its own. And I’ll
just quietly work my way through that and likewise with the roses going over
the other arch. For the dog roses in the hedgerows, I take the hips off as I’m
harvesting them, and I will just snip out the tops or maybe take them back a
little bit. And I want them to get quite tall because I want the hedgerow to be
a windbreak, so I’m not discouraging the height at the moment. But I do want it
to bush out a bit more, so again I will cut them back to an outward facing bud
so they carry on growing a little bit wider. There’s another hip here, ready for me to harvest. Look at this beauty,they’re
absolutely wonderful! And it’s as simple as that. I don’t do a
huge amount of messing around, particularly the ones in the hedgerows.
It won’t be very long before all these hedgerows are cut. I’m not cutting them
for the autumn, I’ll cut them very early spring, but I want to leave as many of
the seeds and the nuts and the berries available for our local wildlife. So that’s it for me for the roses for winter. We’ll come back in spring and have
a look at them again then.

Norman Bunn

19 Comments

  1. If you've enjoyed this video, please share it with your gardening friends. And you may like these other Gardening Know-How videos https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLa6906pLM92m93829T70hC_n_ATrqfLhD

  2. Thanks Liz! I grew up thinking roses were so fragile and temperamental that I didnt want to be bothered. We have a few rose plants that were here when we moved in 18 years ago, and every year I cut them back to almost nothing….and they happily come back as if to say, "you can't get rid of me that easily!" BTW, is there a Monty montage somewhere I've missed? I think he needs his own voice, and a film of his point of view… he's quite adorable!

  3. Thank you for Sharing this Tips dear I love Roses my roses all are frozen coz of the cold I feel bad for them but I made sure I keep them warm with leaves and put some soil to keepTheir root warm through the winter I didn’t cut it will do them soon Thank you for Sharing Love from here God Bless 🥰💐🙏🏼

  4. memories of wandering the lanes in North Wales gathering rose hips and hearing stories of my parents being sent out to gather them for the war effort. I take children out to do it now . I prefer the wild roses though.

  5. Hello Liz, wonderful video! I love ❤️ my roses 🌹. I have a handful of bushes, an antique, a miniature, a old bourbon rose, a climber and a yellow one that at the time I got it, I didn't even know what color it was going to be. ☺️Thank you for taking us and showing us how you care for yours, much appreciated. Until the next time take good care. 😉💗

  6. I love Roses there's something nostalgic about them for me.I have never let hips develop on my few maybe after watching this I will next year.I have already top pruned mine this Autumn.

  7. I've got quite a few wild roses in my rather wild garden. I made rose hip syrup earlier in the year. It tasted pretty good.

  8. I’ve never been confident about growing roses Liz. I had some little dwarf bushes in my very first house after I got married and they were demolished by greenfly. And pruning seemed daunting. However you’ve given me inspiration to plant some again (I like the idea of using the hips). Thanks for a great video 😊🌱

  9. Love Roses! Also have a David Austin rose…Gentle Hermione. And a bunch of others! Can't have a garden without at least one rose. But then, one is never enough!

  10. Your roses are beautiful! I still have many very old rose bushes my grandparents or even great-grandparents planted when they were still alive, old varieties (I don't know which) that are incredibly fragrant. I keep thinking they must reach the ends of their lifespans at some point, but every year they surprise me with lush blossoms. Roses are fantastic! I wish I could learn to enjoy the taste of rose hip products though; they're so healthy.

  11. Beautiful, i only started growing roses this year and love them, so now I'm going to treat myself and buy one each year at our annual garden show.

  12. The rose you called a dogrose is actually Rosa rugosa, a Japanese wild rose, fabulous scented flowers no?

  13. Hi Liz, at my Parkhome there were some roses on stems that were more dead than alive. I decided to cut them off completely and to my surprise they sprouted again and are full of flowers. I am cutting them back now every year and deadhead them so it keeps flowering. Also some of the roses are in pots, but also doing ok. My mum has a wild rose in her garden that is getting bigger and bigger. It was full of rosehip but I have not collected them. When I was young we once collected them but when they were drying all little maggots came out and we never tried again. I should collect them next year though. Eveline

  14. Fantastic ! The Intel is worth the watch fro sure . Great Days to you Liz . Howie

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